Keywords: Fertiliser security, terrorist activity, public awareness, international security co-operation, security technology, RFID microchips.
Combating the misuse use of fertilisers by terrorists is a complex and difficult task which can only be achieved by adopting an integrated approach that involves both the public and private sectors. Terrorists are adapting rapidly and are taking advantages of new technologies and legal gaps. In recent years, the UK has had some successes in foiling terrorist plots. However, obtaining the necessary evidence to secure a prosecution is challenging, particularly when the terrorist attack has yet to be committed. There is a need to enhance inter-agency co-operation and information-sharing at both the national and international level to ensure early warning and detection. Preventing the diversion of fertilisers from their intended use requires a high level of awareness among law enforcers, the fertiliser industry, the farming community and members of the public. Voluntary initiatives such as the UK’s Fertiliser Industry Assurance Scheme (FIAS) complement legislative controls in ensuring robust control and traceability of fertilisers throughout supply chain and help to demonstrate that the fertiliser industry takes its responsibilities seriously.
Eileen J Pullinger, Agricultural Industries Association (AIC), Confederation House, East of England Showground, Peterborough, PE2 6XE, UK.
16 pages, 9 figures, 16 references.