During the past few years Cremer and Warner have acted as Technical Advisers or Consultants for a number of projects in the Developing Countries, and have been called upon to carry out technical investigations into existing plants. As a result of this experience the authors have become aware of common problems that are encountered in setting up and implementing such projects.
They have tried, in the paper, to summarise some of their experience and also to be constructive by suggesting ways of avoiding similar problems. Their aim is that these suggestions will be of use to others embarking on future projects. The importance of good preliminary studies is mentioned, but the main emphasis is on the placing of contracts and their execution, and the responsibilities of the project sponsor, (“owner”, “client” or “purchaser”).
The authors have noted that many of the problems affect technically unsophisticated clients, and much of the paper concentrates on the client’s part in decision making during project implementation. They believe that the contracting industry has a duty to ensure that the client is given the opportunity to understand the full implications of alternative proposals before having to make his decision. The contractor should always explain what options are open to the client whenever he can.